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« on: November 04, 2017, 10:33:10 PM »
Imperial fire
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Here is the link to it....turns out the entire article got copied....
Anyways...
Just wanted to share..,
Draft norms for drones: Skies clear but conditions apply

Note4Students

Mains Paper3: Awareness in the field of Robotics

The following things are important from UPSC perspective:

Prelims: Drones

Mains level: UAV is an important topic for mains and this article discusses the recently released draft guidelines for the regulation of the drones in India.

News

Context

The government may have attempted at providing a booster shot to the countryís drone scenario by issuing draft guidelines for operations expected to be finalised in the next two months but those wanting to operate drones above 250 gm in maximum take-off weight will have to go through a slew of requirements and attain various clearances before they are able to operate these aircraft.The Directorate General of Civil Aviation, in the draft norms, has proposed five categories: Nano: Less than or equal to 250 gmMicro: Greater than 250 gm but less than 2 kgMini: Greater than 2 kg but less than 25 kgSmall: Greater than 25 kg but less than 150 kgLarge: Greater than 150 kg

Why such draft guidelines?

The governmentís drive to lay down the regulations for drones gained momentum after, in August, during peak flight hours, the Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi was brought to a grinding halt for 45 minutes with all three runways being shut as a precautionary measures following pilots of an aircraft landing here spotting an unindentified object flying close to the plane.The result was that at least 35 flights were affected during the period as departures were stopped, and incoming aircraft were asked to hold or divert. Experts had then suggested that the incident had come as a wakeup call for the authorities, considering there were no policies or legal provisions in place to deal with unmanned aircraft systems, or drones.

Draft Guidelines

The first step a drone operator will need to follow is to obtain a unique identification number (UIN) from the aviation regulator for the aircraft.This will be a one-time process, and the identification number will be provided only for a drone that is either wholly owned by an Indian citizen or a company, or to a drone that will be leased to an Indian citizen or company.If the operator meets the above criteria, various documents will be required to obtain a UIN. These include contact details of operator with valid identity and address proofs; purpose and area of operation; specification of the drone including manufacturer name, type, model number, year of manufacture, weight and size, type of propulsion system, flying capabilities; permission for all frequencies used in droneís operations from telecom department; security clearance from home ministry in a format provided by the DGCA; and verification of character and antecedents of the pilot from local subdivisional police office.Drones under all the categories must maintain a 500 m visual line-of-sight and must operate during daylight. Even if a drone is being operated for private or recreational purposes, the operator must obtain clearance from the local police if it falls in any category other than Nano. Under the Nano category, while the maximum permitted height is 50 feet, for the other categories it is 200 feet. Drones falling under the categories of Mini and above can be operated over 200 feet but with certain restrictions.For drones under mini, small and large categories, before flying, the operator will also need to prepare a flight plan, and obtain air defence clearance and permission from the relevant flight information centre. These, unlike, the registration requirements, will have to be obtained every time a drone is to be operated.The government was working to prepare an online platform where obtaining the aforementioned clearances would be simpler than going for paper-based clearances every time.

Drone Regulations in the USA

A number of other countries have already put in place their policies on operations of drones and one such is the US. Even as the US Federal Aviation Administrationís (FAA) rules allow flying a unmanned aircraft system for recreational or hobby purposes, it has laid down clear guidelines such as minimum distance from the airport, requirement to notify nearby airports and air traffic control tower when flying within 5 miles of an airport, and various others.The FAA has even developed a mobile app to help recreational drone flyers to know whether there are any restrictions or requirements where they want to fly. The rules also mandate drones weighing over 0.55 pounds to be registered with the FAA, failing which the regulator may assess civil penalties up to $27,500, or criminal penalties that include fines of up to $2,50,000 and/or imprisonment for up to three years.

Comparison of Indian Regulations with the USA

The proposed Indian regulations donít have any stipulations on the basis of use cases of drones, but in the US the rules are different if the aircraft is being used for recreational purposes than they are for commercial use of drones. For commercial purposes, the FAA stipulates that the operator must keep the aircraft in visual line-of-sight, must fly it under 400 feet during the day at or below 100 miles per hour. Further, it must also yield right of way to manned aircraft, and must not fly over people, and the pilot should ensure the aircraft is not being operated from a moving vehicle. Some of these rules are similar to those proposed in India.However, the operational requirements are based on the aforementioned categories and not use cases.While the US FAA lays down clear penal provisions for operators violating the rules, breach of compliance to any of Indian requirements shall attract penal actions including penalties under the Indian Penal Code.For example, in case of breach of privacy through drones, the privacy laws will apply, in case of violation of mineral exploration guidelines, the laws governing that particular sector will be applicable. However, DGCA does mention that operatorsí permit issued by the regulator shall be cancelled or suspended at any time if in its opinion, the performance of the remote pilot /maintenance of RPAS (remotely piloted aircraft system) is no longer acceptable.

Neutralising the Rouge Drones

The civil aviation ministry was working on ways to have in place a technology that could neutralise rogue drones that could possibly be used for nefarious activities. Rogue drones could be ones that deviate from the permitted area or those which have not taken any permission at all. However, the guidelines for neutralising drones are currently not in the purview of these draft regulations.While the government did not disclose the ways or technologies being studied for neutralising the drones, certain preventive ways are initially being discussed where the said aircraft wonít be allowed to deviate from the flight plan filed before its operations.

                                                                                                                                                                                              

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« Reply #1 on: November 04, 2017, 10:36:34 PM »
Imperial fire
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Gonna miss the days .when you could fly the damn thing wherever you wanted without getting the attention of cops...
Well at least it not as strict and bad as in the west,...
Don't want to get sued for flying a toy.. xd
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« Reply #2 on: November 05, 2017, 09:17:59 PM »
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This is so inappropriate from DGCA. Their only concern is civil aircraft safety. But where in the world it's causing so much problem. I understand safety should be there. country place safety equipments for such drone in and around airports to ensure nothing interrupt the flight or come close to airplanes. But blindly putting recreational drone in UAV category is uncalled for. getting UIN from gov is not going to be simple.
Anything above 250gm? come on. A simple 250 quad will easily go above this and who is going to get a UIN for it. This may discourage people like us but I think this step is also to regulate this space before it get messy.

Drone for medical purposes, shipping items, photography etc are also going to be in check.

But I frankly doubt DGCA intention as such. Take the example of Amol Yadav aircraft. He is fighting DGCA for 6 years to let his aircraft fly. But nothing budge. Ultimately Maharashtra CM and then PM had to intervene. I really doubt them. They kept on amending the rule so that Amol aircraft never see the horizon and here we think we can get a DGCA NOC for our drone stuck in customs.

On a positive note, the draft is open for comment on DGCA website. I encourage all enthusiast here to pitch in and raise a voice to atleast make this much more favourable for hobbyist like us.
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« Reply #3 on: November 06, 2017, 05:52:45 PM »
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Perhaps India Mumbai Customs will stop confiscating drones now? Better yet, release all the drones they have confiscated, and return them to their rightful owners?

Best of all, perhaps we will be able to buy non-DJI drones from new retail hobby stores that spring up in Mumbai and elsewhere in India that will have an assortment of drones and parts that we can choose from, and perhaps we can buy parts online, from Banggood, Hobbyking, etc without customs confiscating them?

So when will Customs get the word on this? I can't even call someone in Customs about this. Today I was sent to a non working number when I called. And my emails are not answered.

Can anyone help me get my drone out of Customs, now that the law is supposed to be on our side?

And by the way, I don't want a DJI.
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« Reply #4 on: November 06, 2017, 06:22:04 PM »
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Have you read through the requirements?
They will want to register every quad.
And issue import clearance after that.
Won't be as simple.
Futher, it's still a draft.
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« Reply #5 on: November 06, 2017, 06:48:56 PM »
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Re: Dgca guidelines.....
In the USA, you simply paid $5.00 on line for a registration number.
But What is required for them to issue import clearance?
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« Reply #6 on: November 06, 2017, 07:05:52 PM »
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Why have you decided to copy my profile?
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« Reply #7 on: November 07, 2017, 08:20:04 AM »
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Sorry, copy paste error using my phone keyboard
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« Reply #8 on: November 07, 2017, 09:40:20 AM »
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man is DGCA trying do what FAA did than it will suck. I am 14 n getting into the hobby by watching youtube videos like flitetest and others but it's like that DGCA is saying we don't care about hobby n want to get the thing done easy way. on top that they are almost copying FAA plan for what they try to do in the USA but because hobbyist there stood for what they do and I think we all need to something about it too.




it already sucks that some rc part is being sold at double the price they should be n are being sold at LHS.

simple saying DGCA trying to kill the hobby by doing this but its still a draft so it maybe change n wish it changes
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« Reply #9 on: November 07, 2017, 10:52:54 AM »
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Yes, even stricter than USA.

The DGCA guideline says you have to be 18 years old Angry
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« Reply #10 on: November 07, 2017, 02:29:05 PM »
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man that sucks even more .
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« Reply #11 on: November 07, 2017, 03:03:55 PM »
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So for my needs, the only alternative  is to buy an incredibly expensive DJI drone instead of building my own using open source at a fraction of the cost of a DJI.  That is the worst outcome. It will remain like this until Customs complies with lifting the "restricted" status.

But at least a DJI bought in India is considered legal.

Good for DJI. Well done.
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